Definitions

Adapted from “Schaefer, Richard T. Sociology: A Brief Introduction. (4th Edition). DePaul University,” and Dictionary.com.

CULTURE: A learned set of shared interpretations about beliefs, values, norms, and social practices which affect the behaviors of a relatively large group of people.

STEREOTYPE: Unreliable generalizations about all members of a group that do not recognize individual differences within the group.

MORES: Norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society.

COUNTER CULTURE: A subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture.

SUBCULTURE: A segment of society that shares a distinctive pattern of mores, folkways, and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society.

IN-GROUP: Any group or category to which people feel they belong.

OUT-GROUP: A group or category to which people feel they do not belong.

PREJUDICE: A negative attitude toward an entire category of people, such as a racial or ethnic minority.

RACIAL GROUP: A group that is set apart from others because of obvious physical differences.

RACISM: The belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior.

ETHNIC GROUP: A group that is set apart from others because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.

HEGEMONY: leadership or predominant influence or ideas exercised by one group over other groups.

EPITHET: A word, phrase, or expression used to denounce as a term of abuse or a term of contempt to express hostility.

 

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